The year 2021 was known as the year of Initial Public Offerings (IPOs).
₹1 Lakh Crore IPOs are well-known for attracting the interest of investors and creating a big buzz in the market. However, it is quite evident that investing in every IPO out there in the market is not the right thing to do (read our previous post to understand factors to consider while choosing to invest in an IPO).
With so many IPOs being announced by different companies on a regular basis, identifying the right company to invest in can become a challenge. The company’s Draft Red Herring Prospectus (DRHP) is a document shared by the company, which helps you assess the company’s potential and understand what they are offering.
A draft red herring prospectus (DRHP), also known as the offer document, is prepared by the merchant bankers as a preliminary registration document for companies looking to float an IPO for book building issues. It is filed with SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India), and the intention is to raise money by selling company shares to investors. The document essentially clarifies why the company wishes to raise money from the public, how the money will be put to use, and the risks involved in investment.
Thus, this document includes information about the company’s financials, business operations, its standing in the industry it operates in, promoters, and listed or unlisted peers.
Once filed, the SEBI DRHP is reviewed to note if adequate disclosures have been made. The observations are then communicated to the merchant bankers, who then make the suggested changes and file the final offer with SEBI, as well as stock exchanges like the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE0. Further observations and changes at this stage can be implemented after reviewing the final document.
As an investor, here are a few things to look at in a Draft Red Herring Prospectus:
This segment talks about a company’s core operations and how it conducts business. As a prospective shareholder, you should pay attention to this part as your investment will be utilised by the company in its core business and you will be entitled to hold ownership of this very part should you choose to become a shareholder.
This is one of the most important segments and contains the company’s audit reports and financial statements. As an investor, the financial statement will help you get an idea of future dividends based on the profits disclosed. You can gauge the safety and profitability of your future investment based on the financial statement.
Companies list out the potential risks that could impact their business and operations under a section titled ‘Risk Factors’. While many are routinely listed risks, some risks need to be scrutinised. As an investor, you should be able to read between the lines to identify the real risks that could pose a threat to the company’s growth in the future.
Use of Proceeds:
Companies announce IPOs for various reasons. Find out what the company intends to do with the capital it raises through the IPO. Does the company plan to reduce its debt, purchase new assets, or meet its working capital needs? Also, check the capital structure of the company to see if any big private investors have put money into the company.
A red herring prospectus carries information about the position of the company relative to its competitors. The performance trends of the industry to which the company belongs is also included in the document. If you are looking forward to a particular company’s IPO, you should analyse the various business and economic variables at play, the demand and supply mechanism, and the future prospects.
A company’s prospects have a lot to do with the people who run it. The management is responsible for planning strategies on varied fronts like driving growth, pushing expansions, renovation, marketing, etc. This section has details such as names, qualifications, and designations of directors, promoters, and key management personnel. It may also have information about any criminal cases, financial delinquency, or pending litigations against these people.
The DRHP is considered to be the most important document for investors interested in IPOs. One of the primary reasons for that has to do with the amount of information that it reveals about the company. Just reading through the document can give you all of the information that you require to make an informed investment decision.
When conducting an analysis of the company that has filed for an IPO, make sure to read through all of the sections listed above. In addition to that, you should also take a look at the company’s management, experience, and skill set. Also, it is crucial to go through the industry overview as well since it can tell you a lot about the environment that the company is operating in.
That said, considering the fact that a typical DRHP can range anywhere from 300 to 500 pages, it may not be practical to read through the entire document. In such a case, you can have a quick glance at the research page of the Share India website, where the Share India Research Team keeps posting the details of the upcoming IPOs with expert advice on whether it is suitable for you or not.
Disclaimer: Any Advice or information in the post is general advice for education purposes only and is not responsible for generating any trading profits for anyone. Please do not trade or invest based solely on this information.