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Understanding the Functions of the Bombay Stock Exchange

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The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is a stock exchange located in Mumbai, India. It is the oldest stock exchange in Asia and it was the first in the country. Along with the National Stock Exchange (NSE), which was founded in 1875, there are two stock exchanges in India. The 30 biggest and busiest-trading equities listed on the exchange are included in the BSE’s stock market index, popularly known as the SENSEX. The quickest stock exchange in the world is the BSE, which has a median trade speed of 6 microseconds. The BSE integrates modern trading technologies like the VWAP indicators to cater to the evolving needs of today’s financial markets, ensuring efficient and accurate trading processes. Let us find out more.

Understanding the Bombay Stock Exchange

  • A significant pillar of the Indian stock market and a key player in the economy is the Bombay Stock Exchange.
  • It gives businesses a platform to acquire funds by offering shares to the general public and enables investors to purchase and sell those shares. This facilitates capital mobilisation and directs it towards profitable ventures that may stimulate economic expansion.
  • The 30 largest and most actively traded businesses listed on the exchange make BSE’s SENSEX, which is widely regarded as the barometer of the Indian stock market.
  • Investors, economists, and decision-makers constantly monitor the SENSEX as a sign of the overall strength of the Indian economy.
  • The BSE also offers several indexes, including the BSE 100, BSE 200, BSE 500, and BSE small-cap and mid-cap, among others, to reflect market capitalisation and sector performance. This allows investors to select investments that match their risk tolerance.
  • For the proper operation of the Indian stock market, BSE also offers several additional services like trading, clearing, settlement, and depository services.
  • BSE is a significant economic organisation in India since it serves as a critical conduit between businesses and investors and fosters economic expansion.

The BSE has contributed to the growth of the Indian business sector and to the development of India’s capital markets, especially the retail debt market. The BSE is the first stock exchange in Asia and features a platform for trading stocks for small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs). BSE has expanded its offerings to include clearing, settlement, and risk management services for the capital markets. The performance of an economy’s benchmark index, which has a ripple impact on the capital sectors of countries all over the world, makes it simple to track market swings in that economy.

Functions of Bombay Stock Exchange

When it comes to trading and settlement of securities, the BSE functions as a regulated market. The exchange functions as a middleman, giving buyers and sellers of securities a trading platform. Here is a general explanation of how the BSE functions:

  • A company may apply to be listed on the BSE if it intends to raise money by issuing shares to the general public. Shares of the corporation can be purchased and sold on the exchange once they are listed.
  • The BSE uses a bid-ask method for trading, in which buyers and sellers place orders to buy and sell shares at specific prices. A trade is completed and the shares are transferred from the seller to the buyer once the buyer and seller agree on a price.
  • After a trade is conducted, the BSE’s clearing corporation ensures that the buyer has the funds to purchase the shares and that the shares are appropriately transferred to the buyer’s account. The name for this process is clearing and settlement. The transaction is then completed, and shares and money are swapped.
  • To reflect the success of various sectors and market capitalisation, the BSE also develops and publishes a number of indices. The SENSEX, which includes the 30 largest and most frequently traded businesses listed on the exchange, is the most well-known index.
  • The BSE also offers depository services, which allow investors to hold their shares in electronic form (a process known as dematerialisation, or Demat), as well as make purchasing and selling shares online, or electronically settling trades, easier.
  • The BSE functions as a centralized market for buying and selling securities, offering a variety of investment alternatives to investors, simplifying capital raising for businesses, and ensuring the smooth operation of the Indian stock market.

Advantages of Listing in the Bombay Stock Exchange

There are several benefits for companies that are listed on the BSE:

  • Capital Infusion: Companies can raise money by issuing shares to the public through the BSE, enabling them to extend and grow.
  • Liquidity for Shareholders: Shareholders benefit from liquidity as investors can easily buy and sell shares on the BSE, providing flexibility in acquiring or selling shares.
  • Enhanced Profile and Reputation: Listing on the BSE can elevate a company’s profile and reputation, attracting new clients, collaborators, and investors.
  • Access to a Broad Investor Base: The BSE, being a significant financial institution in India, provides access to both domestic and foreign investors, allowing companies to raise funds from a wider spectrum.
  • Better Valuations: Constant analysis by the market leads to better valuations for listed companies.
  • Mergers and Acquisitions: Listed companies can use their shares as a form of payment for acquisitions, streamlining the process.
  • Transparency and Accountability: Listed firms must adhere to rules set by the stock market and regulatory bodies, ensuring transparency and accountability to stakeholders.


The BSE serves as a crucial institution in the financial landscape, providing several functions that contribute to the efficient functioning of the Indian capital market. Its primary functions include facilitating the trading of equities, bonds, and other financial instruments. As a platform for public offerings, the BSE enables companies to raise capital by issuing shares to the investing public. It also acts as a barometer of market trends, reflecting the overall health and performance of listed companies. Additionally, the BSE plays a vital role in price discovery and valuation of securities, ensuring transparency and liquidity in the market. Overall, the BSE’s multifaceted functions are integral to fostering a dynamic and well-regulated financial environment in India.

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