A Beginners Guide On How To Start Commodity Trading In India

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Now that technology and the Internet have advanced, investing may take many forms. Anybody looking to invest money to increase its value has access to various financial products. Investment in the commodities market is one of them. Also, there is no need to travel anywhere to set up depots to store acquired items and handle their logistics. 

So, what exactly is the purpose of such a market? Setting reasonable prices for products and raw resources, managing risks, and making money are straightforward goals. People have been buying, selling, and exchanging goods for centuries. Therefore, operations using raw materials and commodities are far older than those involving money or securities. 

In the early days of commodity exchanges, asset sales nearly invariably occurred in conjunction with transactions. However, this has long since passed. There are exchanges where it is possible to purchase or sell genuine things, but these transactions are extremely rare. Derivatives are primarily used in trading. Let’s have a more thorough discussion about it.

How to Trade in Commodities

To trade in commodities, traders must invest in a futures contract, which is a contract to buy and sell a specific quantity of a commodity at a predetermined price at a future date. All commodity categories have futures available. Traders use these contracts as a safeguard against the risks connected to the future prices of traded goods and raw materials. For novice traders, trading in commodities carries a significant amount of risk.

What Is a Commodity in the Share Market? 

The term ‘commodity market’ refers to markets where different goods or raw materials are traded. Nonferrous metals (such as copper, tin, lead, zinc, aluminium, and nickel), precious metals (such as gold, silver, and platinum), energy carriers (such as oil, gas, and coal), forest products, and a diverse range of agricultural goods of both animal and plant origin (meat, dairy products, wheat, sugar, coffee, rice, and corn) are among these groups. The pricing mechanism of exchange-traded commodities is a key component. In the exchange, competition takes place under nearly perfect conditions. These commodities’ prices are influenced by worldwide supply and demand. It’s crucial to realise that futures contracts rather than actual commodities are exchanged on a commodity market. In a commodities exchange, every futures contract is both a buyer for one side and a seller for the other. One party takes a short position by selling, while another takes a long position by purchasing.

What Are the Most Popular Ways to Trade in Commodities 

The ideal approach to trade commodities is to find a strategy that doesn’t keep investors up at night and fits investors’ trading styles and risk profiles. Commodity trading can be done in the following ways:

  • Exchange-Traded Funds are a traditional form of ownership of a commodities producer (ETFs)
  • Indices focused on the commodity asset class
  • Mutual funds
  • Futures contracts, options on futures contracts, and contracts for differences (CFDs)

With the last three techniques, there is a lot of leverage possible. However, standard stock margin regulations are in effect for the first two. Authorities in developed economies are attempting to limit the use of leverage for high-risk asset classes. Leverage can increase both their potential for profit and their potential for loss. Use it sensibly.

What Are the Most Popular Commodity Investing Strategies? 

Let’s now discuss how to invest in commodities using various means.

Invest in Commodities Using Stocks 

Maybe the simplest way to invest in commodities is through stocks. Investors might simply buy stock in a business that deals in commodities to get started. For instance, people who are interested in metal commodities may purchase stock in a gold-focused mining business; investors who cannot make a sizable initial commitment find this option particularly appealing.

Invest in Commodities Using Futures 

If investors are interested in betting on price fluctuations and are accustomed to the market they are investing in, futures are a terrific way to invest in commodities. Futures contracts are commitments to purchase or sell shares at a fixed price at a future date. Futures contracts provide investors with a profit when the commodity’s value fluctuates. Traders can either do this temporarily or permanently.

Use ETFs to Invest in Commodities 

ETFs are a great option for people who want to track commodity prices but don’t want to buy futures contracts. ETFs serve as a collection of assets. Similar to stocks, they may be purchased and sold, and prices fluctuate throughout the trading day. An online or conventional broker can assist investors who want to buy commodities ETFs. It is important to remember that not all commodities have corresponding ETFs, so investors who have a particular commodity in mind might need to explore it somewhere.

Investing in Commodities Using Mutual and Index Funds 

Mutual funds are an excellent way to invest in businesses that deal with particular commodities. Although this possibility does not let investors interact directly with the commodity, there are several mutual fund protections to consider. Mutual funds are often renowned for their expert management and liquidity. These funds are a fantastic choice for investors looking to earn from commodity trading firms without purchasing equities.

Investing in Commodities through Commodity Pools 

Commodity pools allow a group of investors to pool their funds to buy futures contracts and options. The engaged investors get account statements and annual financial reports from the commodities pool operator (CPO). A commodities pool’s combined structure often makes more investment opportunities possible.

What Is the Risk Involved in Commodity Trading? 

Extreme price variations in the market can be unjustly caused by various factors, including competition, weather, and available stocks. Volatility, a broad indicator of risk in any specific market, is the term used to describe these jarring market movements. In commodity markets, volatility is at an all-time high, a necessary condition for trading gains. Because of the significant risk involved, commodities trading has a high potential for both profit and loss, which is why it is widely regarded as having a high-risk profile.

Commodity trading necessitates specialised training and education, practice time on simulated trading accounts, access to and absorption of information from a variety of sources, a specific trading strategy to mitigate risk, a disciplined approach, and, most importantly, patience. Keeping traders’ emotions from ever influencing their decision-making is also crucial.


So, we can draw the following inferences. 

  • Both hedgers and speculators trade commodities.
  • It is one of the most popular methods that traders utilise for diversifying a portfolio.
  • Due to the somewhat higher-than-average margin requirements, trades must only be placed after thoroughly examining the technical and fundamental backdrop.
  • While trading commodities, you can engage in both MIS (margin intraday square-off) and NRML (normal margin orders), which are delivery-based trading.
  • For all investors, it is always advisable to use proper risk management (stop-loss and target).

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)