What Are the Most Traded Commodities in India?

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Food, metals, oils, and other items that people use on a daily basis are included in the category of commodities. Commodities can be bought and sold and have a dynamic nature. Simply put, commodity markets are locations where people can purchase, sell, or exchange commodities. In India, commodity trade first appeared in 1875. 

Foreign invasions, government regulations, natural disasters, etc., led to a decline in commodity trading. However, compared to other types of the stock market, commodity trading has performed well in the past and is still gaining popularity. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has been overseeing the commodity market’s regulation since 2015. There are a number of items traded nowadays. In this article, we shall look at the best commodities to trade in India.

Types of Commodities  

  • Cereals: These are things that come from farms like wheat, corn, soybeans, cows, milk, and also things like coffee beans, chocolate beans, sugar cane, cotton plants, and rubber trees.
  • Energy: These commodities involve making and using energy. These are all types of energy sources. Energy commodities are very important for different areas like industries, transportation, and households.
  • Base metals and precious metals: Metals make the most of this category. These metals are essential for many everyday products and activities. People like precious metals because they are rare, pretty, and useful for things like jewellery, investing, and industry. The value of these can change based on the market.
  • Soft commodities or agricultural products: These crops are coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton, and rubber. Soft commodities can have their prices change frequently because of weather patterns, and the way supply and demand interact. Geopolitical events can affect their prices too.

These are the different types of things that are the most traded commodities in india. Different types of goods can have different variations and grades within their category, which are also tradable. People can trade these commodities depending on what buyers and sellers need.

How Does the Commodities Market Work in India?

Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX), National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX), and Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) are a few of the renowned commodity exchanges in India. These marketplaces offer electronic trading platforms for commodities.

  • Participants: The traders, hedgers, arbitrageurs, and institutional investors make up the participants in the commodities market. Traders might be people, businesses, or other types of entities.
  • Trading Instruments: Futures and spot trading are both used in commodity trading in India. While futures trading comprises contracts for the future delivery of commodities at fixed prices, spot trading refers to the instantaneous buying and selling of physical commodities.
  • Participants in the market: Market participants can play a variety of functions. Farmers and other producers who hedge their products utilise the market to control price risk by fixing prices for future deliveries. Speculators purchase or sell contracts without the intent to take actual delivery in order to profit from price fluctuations. Arbitrageurs take advantage of pricing variations across several markets. Institutional investors in the commodity market include mutual funds and insurance firms.
  • Regulatory Framework: SEBI controls and monitors how commodities exchanges and other intermediaries that are involved in commodity trading operate. It guarantees ethical business conduct, openness, and investment safety.
  • Settlement and Delivery: Contracts in the futures market have set delivery months and expiration dates. Either the actual delivery of the commodity or a monetary settlement, in which the price difference is settled financially, are acceptable methods of settlement.

Price determination is facilitated by the commodities market, where the forces of supply and demand decide how much a commodity will cost. Price formation is influenced by market participants, economic variables, global trends, and other pertinent information.

For the most recent information on commodity trading in India, it is necessary to contact official sources and the relevant commodity exchange because legislation and procedures may change.

Top Commodities for Trading in India

Here’s a list of the best commodities to trade in India.

Crude oil 

Crude oil ranks as one of the most traded commodities in the world. Commodity traders who had taken long positions on crude oil last year made a lot of money. 

Crude oil prices decreased in 2020 as a result of COVID-19 and the consequent global lockdowns. However, the rate of immunisations increased in 2021. As a result, many economies have opened up, increasing demand for crude oil, thus driving up its prices.


Gold, like crude oil, is one of the most traded commodities. Many variables impact the price of gold, including demand and supply, the movement of the US dollar, inflation, global uncertainty, central bank demand, and so on. Gold, like crude oil, is one of the most traded commodities. The market value of gold and crude oil are inversely related. So, whenever the price of crude oil drops, the rates of gold soar.


Copper happens to be one of the most often traded industrial metals. It is also regarded as a gauge of economic activity in the industrialised world. Copper prices have risen by nearly 80% in the last year, providing excellent profits to commodities traders who took long positions.

Most Active Commodities on MCX

Here’s a list of the most traded commodities in India on the Indian Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX). These are the top items traded on the exchange in the current financial year:

  • Natural gas
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Copper
  • Zinc
  • Gold Petal
  • Aluminium
  • Crude oil
  • Lead
  • Lead
  • Cotton 
  • Mentha oil


Online trading in a variety of commodities is a well-liked and profitable market in India. Due to the wide range of industrial and commercial uses for these commodities, their prices are influenced by a number of variables, such as supply and demand, global developments, and economic indices. Investors in India now have easy access to these commodities, courtesy of well-known financial firms like Share India. One can profit from changes in price thanks to the growth of online commodity trading.

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