Top 6 Stock Market Trading Strategies Explained! | Share India
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Are you overwhelmed by the sheer number of trading strategies out there? Don’t know whether to day trade, swing trade, or go for a longer-term strategy?

You have to find the strategy that works for you. It could mean the difference between success and failure.

But where to start? How to choose?

To help you find your fit, start with this list of trading strategies. You’ll also get some scanning tips and tricks to help you figure out what can work for you.


What Are Trading Strategies?

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty, let’s detail what exactly a trading strategy is. A trading strategy is a well-thought-out plan for making trading decisions. A good trading strategy includes rules for you to follow when you trade, such as:

  •  What all you need to evaluate before you enter a trade?
  •  When and where you’ll exit your position, and how much you’ll risk in a trade?
  •  Where you’ll place your stop loss, to safeguard yourself from unexpected market movements? 

Trading strategies can come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. Some are so insanely simple a six-year-old could follow them. Other strategies are mired in complexity. These may require cutting-edge computing and a team of PhDs. You can choose (or build) a group of strategies that work best for you personally.


Why do you need to build your trading strategy?

It is easier to do something when you know what must and should be done. A trading plan lays out all the criteria that must be met before any trading decision is made. It will always point you in the right direction despite the distractions present. 

Trading is about decisions. Good decisions will make you money, while bad decisions will cost you money. Having a trading plan ensures that you will make objective decisions at all times; and not subjective decisions that are driven primarily by emotions which can eventually cost you a lot and put your trades and capital at risk.

Trading is a marathon, not a sprint. It is important to build a solid trading plan and follow it with religious discipline throughout your entire trading activity. This is the only path to long-term, consistent profitability in the markets. While traders will generally follow the daily financial news and technical analysis indicator to pinpoint potential trading opportunities, sticking to your trading plan is of utmost importance.

One of the core components of a trading plan is a trading journal, which is essentially a diary or record of your trading activity. Journaling your trading activity will help you to assess the performance of your trading strategies as well as other factors of your trading plan, such as risk management and trading psychology. This will, over time, highlight the areas where improvements can be made to help you become a better trader.

  1. Making Trading Simpler
  2. Enhancing Objective Decision Making
  3. Building Trading Discipline
  4. Highlighting Areas that Require Improvement

How to Develop a successful Trading strategy

Ensure you are ready to trade and that you are able to follow your signals without hesitation and bias-induced interruption. In time you’ll be able to figure out what your strengths, weaknesses and motivations are while trading. 

Start off by writing out your trading objectives and setting realistic goals. Look at, and assess your financial goals and timeframes for reaching each trading goal and ensure that when you have made a successful trade you will close the position and not get greedy. 

Determine if you have the correct strategies, identify relevant technical analysis (for short term) and fundamental analysis (for long term) identify and take advantage of trading opportunities in the market. It is even wise to test the strategy in a demo account to ascertain its performance before you can roll it out in a live account where real money can be made or lost.

You must do your homework before you enter an active trading session. This involves being aware of the target market segments and assets to trade, their most important price levels, and their fundamental outlook at the time. Doing thorough research simply means ‘not gambling’ in the trading arena. Research will also boost your trading confidence and make you stay objective throughout your trading activities. 

Select your market according to your knowledge and expertise. The best market for you is the one that you are familiar with. There is no sense in entering a trade in a foreign market that you have no knowledge about and assuming it will be profitable. In addition, ensuring that you are aware of each market's trading session hours is necessary, there is a good amount of attention that these trades need at the important trading times.

Every time you open a position or fund your trading account be sure to enter an amount that will be the maximum amount that you will be willing to risk. Again, do not get emotionally wrapped up in the trades, fund the account and stick to the initial balance. Then decide when to open a position and in which direction (buy or short), basis your analysis and trading strategy signals. Also, always be prepared with risk management strategies for unexpected events.

You must set your stop losses and profit targets, while providing room for adjustments but not getting emotionally absorbed by your trading.

If you want to emulate successful investors and accelerate your learning, try to keep a detailed (or even brief but personal) journal of all your trading activities. This is before you enter a trade, during the trade, and even after the trade is closed. Record your reasons to enter and exit any trade, as well as the targets and underlying emotions or psychological feelings during every stage of your trading activity. If you want to succeed in your trading business, be an excellent accountant – record everything!

Make conclusions of all your trades and determine what needs to be enhanced, and what areas you will need to improve or adjust.

  1. Personal analysis:
  2. Trading goals:
  3. Assess your trading strategy:
  4. Perform thorough research:
  5. Identify your markets and trading timeframes:
  6. Know up front what you are willing to risk:
  7. Specify your entry and exit points:
  8. Comprehensive journaling:
  9. Analyze your trading plan:


Be on the lookout for volatile instruments, attractive liquidity and be hot on timing. You can’t wait for the market, you need to close losing trades as soon as possible.

Pyramiding is adding to current holdings/positions as the asset price moves in your desired trend direction. It is a conservative trading strategy that is aimed at lowering risk and allowing investors to decrease their chances of making losses in the long run. Pyramiding should be executed only according to predetermined levels and with an effective stop loss mechanism

The risk-reward trade offs quickly turn against the pyramid trader when the price trend reverses. Because adding to positions changes the total cost of the entire position on a per-unit basis toward the last price, a quick reversal to the original entry price can result in a significant loss.

“Averaging down” happens when a market participant buys more of a stock they already own after the price has declined. An averaging down strategy works by reducing the average price that shares were bought at, by purchasing additional shares at a reduced price. 

In doing so, they will reduce the average price at which they purchased the stock and could stand to realise a greater profit if the market value recovers above the new average price.

In trading, timing is the essential factor, especially for intraday traders who want to practice Breakout Trading. This strategy involves identifying the threshold points when the stock prices rise above or fall below the specified price. If the trend continues to soar the prices above the threshold point, the investors consider long positions and buy the stock. On the other hand, if the prices fall below the threshold point, the investor considers short positions or sells current position/holding. The fundamental thought process behind the breakout trading strategy is, if the prices cross the threshold points, they will be more volatile and continue the trend in that direction. 

In reversal intraday strategy, traders look for those stocks that are at their contextual extreme high and lows, and have a good chance of path reversal. As soon as the movement of the security reverses, a stop is marked and the traders wait for the securities to hit maximum fluctuation. Then a profitable square-off is executed when the reversal value hits the trader’s estimated limit.

Swing Trading is a strategy that focuses on taking smaller gains by identifying short term trends and cutting losses quicker. The gains might be smaller, but done consistently over time they can compound into excellent annual returns. Swing Trading positions are usually held a few days to a couple of weeks, but can be held longer.

  1. Scalping Strategy:
  2. Pyramiding Strategy:
  3. Averaging Down Strategy:
  4. Breakout Trading Strategy:
  5. Reversal Trading Strategy:
  6. Swing Trading Strategy:


Trading Strategy Vs Trading Plan

Both trading strategy and trading plan although sound same but some of the key differences between them. This difference can be elaborate in the below table:


Trading Strategy

Trading Plan

A trading strategy can be developed for buying or selling financial assets

For trading you need a detailed plan before entering into a trade.

Here trader focuses on enter & exit point of trade

In trading plan, trader identify securities & then follow a plan

Mostly follow on general financial assets

It can be used in complex trade such as futures and options

You need to evaluate technical & fundamental analysis

Traders consider risk & reward ratio, different indicators and trading scenarios.

It's a long-term trade.

Mostly focuses on short or medium term trade


How To Start ?

There are several strategies for intraday traders, but these are some of the best and most used. The key to successful intraday trading is to invest quickly and watch the market trend, and the final step is to decide at the right time. One can simply pin-point the right timing by using share market app.

In short, formulating a trading strategy is necessary for success, but no trading strategy can guarantee success, being profitable in the markets requires consistency, discipline and knowledge - and some good luck.

Choose your trading strategy based on your goals, risk appetite, capital availability and time availability. Keep experimenting, evolving and optimizing your trading strategies that suit your specific requirements.

With your ShareIndia Account you can build, and deploy trading strategies on live markets. Leveraging the right technology, tools and platform can make you way more efficient than any other single step that you can take. 

Why not create your own account and try now!!



As you know about different trading strategies it is important to know and practice these strategies before relying on them. You can browse hundreds of stock trading strategies in the stock market.

You can also open a free demat account with Share India trading platform. Downloading Share India app you can analyze different data and track your favorable financial securities. Research, trade & explore more market opportunities.

Disclaimer: Any Advice or information in the post is general advice for education purpose only and is not responsible for generating any trading profits for anyone, please do not trade or invest based solely on this information.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

A stock market trading strategy is used to make informed decisions on when to buy, sell and manage stocks. These strategies entail thoroughly analyzing market data, pinpointing potential profitable trades, and executing them with precision. Through these tactics, traders can generate profits and achieve their financial goals.

If you're interested in the stock market, you may have heard of momentum trading. This technique focuses on stocks that have shown significant price movement recently. Traders who use this approach rely on technical indicators like the RSI or MACD to spot overbought or oversold conditions and possible trend changes. With a thoughtful and informed strategy, momentum trading can be a positive and optimistic way to invest in the stock market.

Swing trading captures short to medium-term price swings in the stock market. Traders maintain positions for days to weeks and leverage price movements within a trend. Technical analysis, chart patterns, and indicators identify entry and exit points.

Choosing the right stock trading strategy for beginners depends on your risk tolerance, investment goals, time, and personal preferences. Consider your strengths, weaknesses, and comfort with different strategies to make a smart choice.

Entering into a trade can be risky without a plan, you need to have trading strategies in order to successfully enter or exit in a trade.
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