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The Moving Average Strategy to Buy Stocks: A Guide

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The stock market is a place where people can invest their savings with the hope of seeing growth over time. While there is always some level of risk involved in stock investing, some people may be hesitant to invest because of the potential to lose their hard-earned funds. However, it’s important to note that there are other effective investment strategies that may yield returns. To succeed in stock investing, one needs to be able to analyse stocks effectively, plan strategically, and exercise patience. Once a decision has been made, it’s important to determine where and how to invest in the financial market.

Stock trading can be done with the help of many indicators or strategies. One of them is the moving average (MA). To study the use of moving averages to buy stocks,  one needs to understand technical indicators and what a moving average is. A moving average is a commonly used decision-making strategy that helps traders identify several steps when trading. In this article, we will discuss the use of moving averages to buy stocks, along with detailed examples of trades. 

Meaning of Moving Average

A moving average is the stock price calculation where averages of closing stock prices are taken as data points. This calculation helps investors to gauge a number that gives an approximate number for making a decision. A moving average helps a trader identify buy and sell signals for a stock. Traders can use 5-day, 10-day, 20-day, 50-day, or 200-day moving averages to make trading decisions.

Use of Moving Averages to Buy Stocks

The most explicit way a trader can use the moving averages to buy stocks is to know the price trend of a particular stock price. A trader can apply a single maximum indicator to a chart. If the price of a specific stock goes above the moving average, it’s interpreted that the price will be moving upward. On the other side, if the stock price falls below the MA, the stock is in a downtrend. A professional trader can mark multiple moving average charts instead of just one MA. Plotting multiple moving averages signals whether a stock will go in an upward or downward direction. Traders can combine moving averages with their strategies and knowledge to create a long or short trading position.

Different Types of Moving Averages

There are two types of MA that are used in the stock market; they are as follows:

Simple Moving Average (SMA)

The simple moving average is a straightforward way to calculate the MA. In this calculation, one can take a specific number of daily prices and calculate their average. Each repetition creates a new average every day, and every MA is linked to another standard, creating a singular line of MA.

Exponential Moving Average (EMA)

The calculation of EMA differs from that of SMA because weights are used against current prices. It is primarily used to decide on the purchase of stock. It uses a weighting method that gives more importance to the most recent closing price. Traders can combine the SMA and EMA indicators and plot their lines. It is often observed that the EMA is more accurate and reacts quickly to price changes. This is due to the extra weighting of the current price element.

Using a MA can help traders to filter out a lot of noise on the stock chart. MA data can assist traders in understanding the direction of price movements. If the MA line is angled up, it indicates an upward trend in price, and if the MA line is moving down, it indicates a downward trend. Moreover, if the move is sideways, the price is likely to be in a range.

Reasons for Using Moving Average

The moving average is frequently regarded as one of the most important trading tools by technical traders. Investors use this method primarily for making buying and selling decisions.

There are a plethora of reasons for using MA, as it is a vital indicator for making a trade in the stock market. A moving average provides results concerning the time ratio, which can be minutes, days, weeks or years. Following a logical way to use this tool can assist traders in planning their trading strategy and risk management strategy. Various broker services like Share India provide the moving average indicator along with other technical indicators. Traders can use a combination of these while planning their next trading move. Understanding what are floating stocks can be crucial for traders using moving averages or other technical indicators. Float stocks represent the shares available for public trading and can influence a stock’s liquidity and price movements.

Calculation of Simple Moving Average

The SMA is an analytics tool. It aims to crunch data into small numbers to hide short term volatility and give traders an idea of upcoming trends. Therefore, in other words, the SMA helps traders get a clear signal.  

Formula: SMA = P1 + P2 + P3 +…… Pn/n 

P stands for the closing price of an asset. n stands for the number of time periods

Consider ten trading days for calculating the SMA. If one takes the closing price for the previous ten days and divides it by ten numbers, this will give points that make a graph line in the stock chart. This graph line connects all the averages, which are called the moving averages.

Short Term SMA Vs Long Term SMA

A 200-day SMA is considered a long term SMA, while a 50-day SMA is said to be short  term. The relationship between short term and long term SMAs can be explained as the dawn of trends. Consider a short term SMA that goes below the long term SMA, it could indicate an upcoming bear run. It is also called the death cross. If the short term SMA cuts through and rises above the long term SMA, then that could indicate a coming bull run. In the financial market, this MA scenario is known as a Golden Cross. Traders often choose to buy the stock whose price shows a golden cross, indicating the possible positive movement of stock prices shortly.


Moving averages are essential tools for traders to analyse the stock market’s movement and make informed investment decisions. By using moving averages, traders can identify trends, entry and exit points, and potential support and resistance levels. The short term and long term SMAs are significant indicators of possible bullish or bearish runs in the stock market. However, it’s crucial to note that the stock market requires a lot of knowledge, patience, and careful analysis to make informed investment decisions. By learning about stock analysis and critical factors of financial instruments, traders can make smart investment decisions and conduct smooth trading.

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